Under the enticing, complex, and flavorful bouquets of cannabis plants, we find terpenes. Every terpene provides a distinctive flavor and aroma to each strain, from citrus and berry to mint and pine. But, these are more than just aromatic oils; they have potential therapeutic effects and health benefits. In fact, some of them might promote relaxation and stress relief, while others potentially promote focus and acuity.
Among over 100 different terpenes identified in the cannabis plant, we have chosen Octanol today. This is because we have discovered that the deeper your knowledge of terpenes is, the better appreciation you have for cannabis. Stay with us to discover Octanol, one mysterious terpene that will leave you thirsty for knowledge.
Octa- comes from Greek, where it has the meaning “eight”, which is the number of perfection, the infinity, and the harmonic balance. Octanols are alcohols with the formula C8H17OH.
The Green Elephant book defines Octanol as one of the primary terpenes found in frankincense, which is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae. From 89 possible isomers of octanol, the simplest and most influential member is 1-Octanol. This fatty alcohol, also known as octan-1-ol, has a long unbranched tail, eight carbons long. Its molecular formula is CH3(CH2)7OH.
Some octanols occur naturally in the form of esters in some essential oils. This organic compound is an oily, colorless liquid immiscible in water, with a pungent, aromatic odor. Other commercially essential octanols are 2-octanol and 2-ethyl hexanol.
What does Octanol do?
This terpene inhibits the overexpression of COX 2, which is the precursor to prostaglandins. Put in simple words, the overall effect of this inhibition is a dramatic drop in inflammation. Added to this, it has a role as a plant metabolite.
Terpenes present in cannabis have a wide range of known biological effects. Scientists have pointed out Octanol for its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. When used in conjunction with pinene and linalool, it has a powerful anti-inflammatory entourage effect.
On the other hand, its vapors, which are heavier than air, may irritate the eyes, nose, and respiratory system.
- 1-Octanol is manufactured for the synthesis of esters for use in perfumes, flavoring agents, and additives.
- It is used to evaluate the lipophilicity of pharmaceutical products.
- In cosmetics, it acts as a viscosity controller.
- Processing aids
- Fuels and fuel additives
- Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories
- Surface active agents
- Solvent manufacture of high-boiling esters and for cleaning and degreasing.
- Antifoaming agent
The terpene Octanol-1 has been examined for controlling essential tremors (ET) and other types of involuntary neurological tremors characterized by involuntary rhythmic contractions and relaxations of certain muscle groups.
Evidence indicates Octanol can relieve tremor symptoms at lower doses than required to obtain a similar level of symptomatic relief from ethanol consumption. In this way, Octanol reduces the risk of alcohol intoxication at therapeutic dosages while significantly decreasing tremor amplitude for up to 90 minutes. The results suggest 1-octanol as a well-tolerated and safe potential treatment for ET.
Terpenes are volatile compounds responsible for the typical smell and taste of cannabis. According to The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), 1-Octanol has a sharp fatty-citrus odor. Its penetrating aromatic scent that reminds of fresh orange rose fragrance competes with its complex flavor profile.
The Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reports that this unique terpene has an oily, sweet, slightly herbaceous taste, similar to Bitter Almond, Burnt Matches, with floral undertones.
Currently, there’s no information available about high-octanol strains on the cannabis market, which makes us think about the large path we need to walk to discover more cannabis-derived terpenes in the future.
Scientists have only isolated 200 terpenes in the cannabis plants. Researchers continue exploring to reveal terpene’s vast potential and attributes. Do you want to know more about these unique compounds? Check our blog today and join our community. In Botany Farms, we are passionate about discovering the mysterious world of cannabis.